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Australia snatches one more reprieve from Unesco
The bastard father of the wild blues | Sound Sofa
NASA?s InSight lander offers unprecedented glimpse into the bowels of Mars
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                    [title] => Australia snatches one more reprieve from Unesco
                    [link] => https://bbc-edition.com/space/2021/07/24/australia-snatches-one-more-reprieve-from-unesco/
                    [dc] => Array
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                            [creator] => Susan Hall
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                    [pubdate] => Sat, 24 Jul 2021 05:04:21 +0000
                    [category] => SpaceAustraliareprievesnatchesUNESCO
                    [guid] => https://bbc-edition.com/space/2021/07/24/australia-snatches-one-more-reprieve-from-unesco/
                    [description] => The Great Barrier Reef near the Australian coast. JUMBO AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY / AP To better...
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To better conserve it, the Great Barrier Reef, which has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1981, must be included in the list of endangered sites. The recommendations of the scientific arm of the UN organization could not be more firm in this regard in its preliminary report published at the end of June and submitted for adoption Friday to the twenty-one members of the committee.

The current state of the coral ecosystem in northeast Australia and its long-term outlook has deteriorated and more needs to be done by the country – one of the world’s leading exporters of coal and natural gas – to improve the water quality that cradles the reef, as well as to counter climate change, according to this document based on scientific data – provided by Australia.

However, the members of the World Heritage committee did not opt ??for this path and on the contrary decided, Friday July 23 … not to decide, but to reassess the situation in 2022. When unanimously adopting the opinion, they supported an amendment tabled by Bahrain and co-sponsored, among others, by other fossil fuel-producing countries such as Russia and Saudi Arabia, striking out the proposal to include the Great Barrier on the list endangered sites.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also In Australia, the Great Barrier Reef victim of the southern summer

In the online debate of the committee, chaired from Fuzhou, China, by Tian Xuejun, Chinese vice minister of education, nineteen out of twenty-one members – including Hungary, Spain, Brazil, Nigeria, Oman, Bosnia-Herzegovina or even Thailand – took the floor to support this lenient approach to Australia, a country which trembles to see its jewel fallen from the prestigious recognition of Unesco.

A snub for the scientific community

During the debate, Norway did try to plead to demote the site: “Politics must not take precedence when there is a certain danger (?). The inscription on the list in danger is not a punishment, but on the contrary an encouragement ?, expressed his representative. But Oslo ultimately rallied to the consensus, negotiating for Australia to submit an updated report on the state of conservation of the reef by 1 January.is February 2022 – in barely six months – for a new examination by the committee, at its 45e meeting, to be held in 2022, a year earlier than Canberra expected.

The Australian government has nonetheless gained yet another respite, having previously escaped a withdrawal from the site in 2015. Australian Environment Minister Sussan Ley praised members’ support in a statement released on Friday. ?We have always been concerned that Unesco has sought to obtain immediate inscription on the list of sites in danger without proper consultation, without an on-site visit and without having all the most recent information, and it is clear that this process concerned not only Australia but also other nations ?, she declared.

You have 50.06% of this article left to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

) [summary] => The Great Barrier Reef near the Australian coast. JUMBO AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY / AP To better... [atom_content] =>

To better conserve it, the Great Barrier Reef, which has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1981, must be included in the list of endangered sites. The recommendations of the scientific arm of the UN organization could not be more firm in this regard in its preliminary report published at the end of June and submitted for adoption Friday to the twenty-one members of the committee.

The current state of the coral ecosystem in northeast Australia and its long-term outlook has deteriorated and more needs to be done by the country – one of the world’s leading exporters of coal and natural gas – to improve the water quality that cradles the reef, as well as to counter climate change, according to this document based on scientific data – provided by Australia.

However, the members of the World Heritage committee did not opt ??for this path and on the contrary decided, Friday July 23 … not to decide, but to reassess the situation in 2022. When unanimously adopting the opinion, they supported an amendment tabled by Bahrain and co-sponsored, among others, by other fossil fuel-producing countries such as Russia and Saudi Arabia, striking out the proposal to include the Great Barrier on the list endangered sites.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also In Australia, the Great Barrier Reef victim of the southern summer

In the online debate of the committee, chaired from Fuzhou, China, by Tian Xuejun, Chinese vice minister of education, nineteen out of twenty-one members – including Hungary, Spain, Brazil, Nigeria, Oman, Bosnia-Herzegovina or even Thailand – took the floor to support this lenient approach to Australia, a country which trembles to see its jewel fallen from the prestigious recognition of Unesco.

A snub for the scientific community

During the debate, Norway did try to plead to demote the site: “Politics must not take precedence when there is a certain danger (?). The inscription on the list in danger is not a punishment, but on the contrary an encouragement ?, expressed his representative. But Oslo ultimately rallied to the consensus, negotiating for Australia to submit an updated report on the state of conservation of the reef by 1 January.is February 2022 – in barely six months – for a new examination by the committee, at its 45e meeting, to be held in 2022, a year earlier than Canberra expected.

The Australian government has nonetheless gained yet another respite, having previously escaped a withdrawal from the site in 2015. Australian Environment Minister Sussan Ley praised members’ support in a statement released on Friday. ?We have always been concerned that Unesco has sought to obtain immediate inscription on the list of sites in danger without proper consultation, without an on-site visit and without having all the most recent information, and it is clear that this process concerned not only Australia but also other nations ?, she declared.

You have 50.06% of this article left to read. The rest is for subscribers only.

[date_timestamp] => 1627103061 ) [1] => Array ( [title] => The bastard father of the wild blues | Sound Sofa [link] => https://bbc-edition.com/music/2021/07/24/the-bastard-father-of-the-wild-blues-sound-sofa/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Susan Hall ) [pubdate] => Sat, 24 Jul 2021 05:03:23 +0000 [category] => MusicbastardbluesfatherSofaSoundWild [guid] => https://bbc-edition.com/music/2021/07/24/the-bastard-father-of-the-wild-blues-sound-sofa/ [description] => There are musicians who have a scarce work, but whose songs have generated a new... [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

There are musicians who have a scarce work, but whose songs have generated a new creative torrent in later generations. Junior Kimbrough debuted late and recorded little, but his music and guitar playing influenced notable bands like The Black Keys.

Kimbrough, a native of Mississippi, was the son of a barber and grew up in love with the blues, with the sounds of artists like Lightnin Hopkins. The young man, who began playing in the 50s, moved to Memphis in the sixties where he made his first recording for the Goldwax label, a label that declined to publish those sessions that did not see the light of day until the musician?s death in 2009. Already in this century, the specialized label Big Legal Mess bought those recordings published as First recordings.

That initial rejection relegated Junior to the secondary circuit, to play in seedy places for a few coins and working on whatever it was. His music did not see the light until the nineties. His syncopated and hypnotic blues ? compared to that of John Lee Hooker or Ali Farka Toure ? would take decades to find an audience.

That moment came in the 1990s, when his first professional recording of 1967 was only in the memory of the most incisive collectors. His attempts to record in the seventies and eighties, embodied in singles for labels of little distribution, did not have much impact beyond a couple of incorporated songs. on a blues compilation released in Europe, although in those years he made his debut in New York within the Lincoln Center programming, which shows that even if he was not a recording musician, his performances were well valued. Around that time, in the late eighties and early nineties, Junior opened a juke joint in Chulahoma, a seedy place in Marshal County north of Mississippi, a kind of diner with food, drink and live music that was his base camp until his death. There he recorded and played frequently for years and the place attracted many blues-loving musicians such as Keith Richards Bono from U2 or Iggy Pop until the venue burned down in 2004.

Photograph of one of the covers of the posthumous albums of Junior / FAT POSSUM

In that climate of incipient recognition, the great bluesman led by the Fat Possum label. In 1992 Junior Kimbrough recorded his first album, an album that received a lot of attention and rave reviews from major media such as Rolling Stone and it rang quite a bit on US stations. That debut is a collection of powerful songs, most of them composed decades ago and part of the musician?s repertoire in his live performances. A wonderful record that is a hard-to-find collector?s gem, at least at a reasonable price. In 1994, two years later and taking advantage of the success of his first recording, Kimbrough went back to the studio again hand in hand with the Mississippi seal and recorded a huge album with a wonderful title Sad days lonely nights (sad days, lonely nights).

With this second album, edited when the musician was 64 years oldJunior became a phenomenon for blues lovers and especially for musicians and guitarists who had the blues as an influence. The record worked very well and Kimbrough made a major leap in his career by playing in bigger venues, in major cities, and at big-name festivals. After a lifetime of playing, he had managed to get his music to reach the people.


Cover of Junior Kimbrough’s EP
/ BLACK KEYS

In 1997 it was the turn of Most things havent work out a continuous album in the line of Junior?s work, an album marked by the bluesman?s guitar, by those hypnotic tones and by the beauty of blues simplicity, songs that reflect the life of this veteran songwriter who sings of heartbreak, mistakes and above all, a constant in his work, loneliness, something that Junior was terrified of as they show songs as intense as the fabulous Lonesome Road.

But the good star of the musió did not last long. A year later, in 1998, Junior Kimbrough died of a heart attack. His label, the label that had given him the great opportunity of his life, surrendered to his talent and in the following years they released several albums with his unreleased recordings and the best of his work. The first to hit the shops was the splendid Gods knows I tried, perhaps the most suitable album to delve into his work. Then came the tributes. Dan Auerbach (The Black Keys), a great admirer of Junior and his way of playing the guitar, recorded in 2006 the tribute of Chulahoma, although he had already recorded a version of him in his debut (The Big Come Up). Chulahoma It was a heartfelt tribute and to a certain extent simple, more ambitious was the tribute that Junior?s label published at this same time with a dozen artists performing their songs, there were also the Black Keys accompanied by musicians such as Cat Power, Iggy Pop, Jim White, Espiritualized o Mark Lanegan.

The reissues, compilations and tribute albums of Junior Kimbrough?s work recapture the legacy of this cursed bluesman. A hard kind of life that took 64 years to record his first album and barely recorded two more before he died. Those records were his testament, a scarce legacy of songs and long descendants, he had 36 children, according to legend. His influence and his sound go beyond fame or money, success as understood in music. They are part of the tradition of rural American music, the one that was transmitted on the southern porches from family to family, from teachers to students, in people who did not think about success or record records, but thanks to that they have achieved. transmit those sounds to new generations.

) [summary] => There are musicians who have a scarce work, but whose songs have generated a new... [atom_content] =>

There are musicians who have a scarce work, but whose songs have generated a new creative torrent in later generations. Junior Kimbrough debuted late and recorded little, but his music and guitar playing influenced notable bands like The Black Keys.

Kimbrough, a native of Mississippi, was the son of a barber and grew up in love with the blues, with the sounds of artists like Lightnin Hopkins. The young man, who began playing in the 50s, moved to Memphis in the sixties where he made his first recording for the Goldwax label, a label that declined to publish those sessions that did not see the light of day until the musician?s death in 2009. Already in this century, the specialized label Big Legal Mess bought those recordings published as First recordings.

That initial rejection relegated Junior to the secondary circuit, to play in seedy places for a few coins and working on whatever it was. His music did not see the light until the nineties. His syncopated and hypnotic blues ? compared to that of John Lee Hooker or Ali Farka Toure ? would take decades to find an audience.

That moment came in the 1990s, when his first professional recording of 1967 was only in the memory of the most incisive collectors. His attempts to record in the seventies and eighties, embodied in singles for labels of little distribution, did not have much impact beyond a couple of incorporated songs. on a blues compilation released in Europe, although in those years he made his debut in New York within the Lincoln Center programming, which shows that even if he was not a recording musician, his performances were well valued. Around that time, in the late eighties and early nineties, Junior opened a juke joint in Chulahoma, a seedy place in Marshal County north of Mississippi, a kind of diner with food, drink and live music that was his base camp until his death. There he recorded and played frequently for years and the place attracted many blues-loving musicians such as Keith Richards Bono from U2 or Iggy Pop until the venue burned down in 2004.

Photograph of one of the covers of the posthumous albums of Junior / FAT POSSUM

In that climate of incipient recognition, the great bluesman led by the Fat Possum label. In 1992 Junior Kimbrough recorded his first album, an album that received a lot of attention and rave reviews from major media such as Rolling Stone and it rang quite a bit on US stations. That debut is a collection of powerful songs, most of them composed decades ago and part of the musician?s repertoire in his live performances. A wonderful record that is a hard-to-find collector?s gem, at least at a reasonable price. In 1994, two years later and taking advantage of the success of his first recording, Kimbrough went back to the studio again hand in hand with the Mississippi seal and recorded a huge album with a wonderful title Sad days lonely nights (sad days, lonely nights).

With this second album, edited when the musician was 64 years oldJunior became a phenomenon for blues lovers and especially for musicians and guitarists who had the blues as an influence. The record worked very well and Kimbrough made a major leap in his career by playing in bigger venues, in major cities, and at big-name festivals. After a lifetime of playing, he had managed to get his music to reach the people.


Cover of Junior Kimbrough’s EP
/ BLACK KEYS

In 1997 it was the turn of Most things havent work out a continuous album in the line of Junior?s work, an album marked by the bluesman?s guitar, by those hypnotic tones and by the beauty of blues simplicity, songs that reflect the life of this veteran songwriter who sings of heartbreak, mistakes and above all, a constant in his work, loneliness, something that Junior was terrified of as they show songs as intense as the fabulous Lonesome Road.

But the good star of the musió did not last long. A year later, in 1998, Junior Kimbrough died of a heart attack. His label, the label that had given him the great opportunity of his life, surrendered to his talent and in the following years they released several albums with his unreleased recordings and the best of his work. The first to hit the shops was the splendid Gods knows I tried, perhaps the most suitable album to delve into his work. Then came the tributes. Dan Auerbach (The Black Keys), a great admirer of Junior and his way of playing the guitar, recorded in 2006 the tribute of Chulahoma, although he had already recorded a version of him in his debut (The Big Come Up). Chulahoma It was a heartfelt tribute and to a certain extent simple, more ambitious was the tribute that Junior?s label published at this same time with a dozen artists performing their songs, there were also the Black Keys accompanied by musicians such as Cat Power, Iggy Pop, Jim White, Espiritualized o Mark Lanegan.

The reissues, compilations and tribute albums of Junior Kimbrough?s work recapture the legacy of this cursed bluesman. A hard kind of life that took 64 years to record his first album and barely recorded two more before he died. Those records were his testament, a scarce legacy of songs and long descendants, he had 36 children, according to legend. His influence and his sound go beyond fame or money, success as understood in music. They are part of the tradition of rural American music, the one that was transmitted on the southern porches from family to family, from teachers to students, in people who did not think about success or record records, but thanks to that they have achieved. transmit those sounds to new generations.

[date_timestamp] => 1627103003 ) [2] => Array ( [title] => NASA?s InSight lander offers unprecedented glimpse into the bowels of Mars [link] => https://bbc-edition.com/international/2021/07/24/nasas-insight-lander-offers-unprecedented-glimpse-into-the-bowels-of-mars/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Harry Rivers ) [pubdate] => Sat, 24 Jul 2021 05:02:14 +0000 [category] => InternationalbowelsglimpseInSightlanderMarsNASAsOffersunprecedented [guid] => https://bbc-edition.com/international/2021/07/24/nasas-insight-lander-offers-unprecedented-glimpse-into-the-bowels-of-mars/ [description] => For the first time, we know what the interior of another planet similar to ours... [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

For the first time, we know what the interior of another planet similar to ours looks like. In a trio of studies published Thursday, July 22 in the journal Science, an international team of more than 40 scientists revealed how the core, mantle and crust of Mars contrast with those of Earth.

By analyzing seismic data collected by NASA’s InSight lander on the Red Planet, the researchers estimated the size of Mars’ core, the thickness of its crust, and the composition of its mantle (the middle layer). “We only have this kind of information for the Earth and the moon,” Brigitte Knapmeyer-Endrun, a planetary seismologist at the University of Cologne and co-author of the new research, told Insider. “But the Moon, we can’t compare it very well to the Earth because it is much smaller.”

Read also – We know a little more about the presence of methane on Mars

Mars, however, is our smaller terrestrial twin. The new studies suggest that its core is less dense than that of Earth, but at the scale of its size.

Propagation of seismic waves through the heart of Mars

InSight, NASA’s robotic science station, which cost $ 828 million (about $ 704 million), landed on Mars in November 2018. Since then, the lander has used its seismometers – which detect and record earthquakes – to listen to similar earthquakes on Mars. Seismic waves from 12 of these Martian tremors, which traverse the middle of the planet and bounce off the layers within, helped Brigitte Knapmeyer-Endrun’s group map the boundaries of the crust and core.

?Imagine you have a closed box and you want to know what’s inside,? Brigitte Knapmeyer-Endrun imaged. “This method is like taking that box and putting it in an x-ray machine.”

The core of Mars is bigger than scientists thought

Artist’s impression of the Martian core. C. Bickel/Science

Its radius of around 1,839 km was “larger than expected,” Amir Khan, a seismologist at ETH Zurich in Switzerland and co-author of the study, told Insider. The boundary of Earth’s liquid outer core – which surrounds a solid metallic inner core – begins deeper than that of Mars, at about 2,900 km. That said, the Earth is almost twice as wide as Mars, and its core is about twice as wide as well.

Unlike the Earth’s core which is dominated by nickel and iron, the less dense core of Mars contains lighter elements like hydrogen and oxygen. The red planet appears to have no inner core, according to Simon Stähler, another study co-author and Khan’s colleague at ETH. “We don’t know, we’re going to find out,” Simon Stähler told Insider, adding that “the temperatures are probably too high for an inner core to form.”

A more engorged core also means that Mars’ mantle is relatively thinner compared to Earth. It is also devoid of a dense layer of the mineral called bridgmanite which keeps the earth’s mantle stable under high pressure, which could explain the unexpected size of the core. Mineralogically speaking, the mantle of Mars is a “simpler” version of that of Earth, “Amir Khan said.

Mars had, and lost, its protective magnetic field

Visualization of the Earth’s magnetic field. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

The Earth’s core plays a vital role in protecting the planet from dangerous winds and solar radiation. The liquid iron swirling in the outer core generates a magnetic field that extends from there to the space surrounding our planet.

This vortex is due, in part, to a process in which the warmer, lighter material of the outer core rises into the mantle above. There it is replaced by the cooler, denser mantle matter, which sinks into the lower core. This phenomenon is known as convection. Although Mars has a liquid core, it does not have this swirling motor, known as a dynamo.

Artist’s impression of the different layers of the earth. Getty

Fragments of magnetized Martian crust suggest that the planet once had a magnetic field 4 to 4.5 billion years ago. The absence of the bridgmanite layer in the mantle of Mars could explain why its dynamo stopped about 300,000 years after the formation of the planet. Without this layer, the interior of Mars lost its heat much faster, which paralyzed the convection that was occurring there. In addition, “Mars is smaller and therefore cools faster than Earth,” said Simon Stähler. “Different planet, different story”.

The crust of the red planet is as thick as that of Earth

This illustration shows the NASA InSight spacecraft with its instruments deployed on the Martian surface. NASA/JPL-Caltech

The crusts of the two planets are of similar thickness, according to Brigitte Knapmeyer-Endrun, although the crust of Mars has two or three layers. The average thickness of the Martian crust is between 22 and 71 km. The thickness of the Earth’s crust varies enormously – under oceans it can be as thin as 4.8 km – but under continents it is between 29 and 71 km thick.

But the crust of Mars is very old and static compared to that of Earth, she said. The envelope of our planet is fragmented into tectonic plates that surf the mantle. Through convection, these plates sometimes collide or sink into each other, meaning new pieces of crust are constantly emerging.

Mars lacks this plate tectonics, so no new crust has been generated since the planet’s crust formed around 4.5 billion years ago. The planet was once “probably completely molten” and this hot liquid mass then differentiated into a crust, mantle and core, Khan said.

The lack of plate tectonics is linked, in part, to the slowness of convection in the mantle, according to Simon Stähler. Lack of water also plays a role. ?Water lubricates the movement of the plates on Earth,? Stähler explained. “On Mars, the water was probably lost very early on, after the dynamo was gone and the atmosphere was blown away by the solar wind.”

The next target of InSight? The moon

The Moon under the magnifying glass of Mariner 10, in 1973. NASA/JPL/Northwestern University

Scientists had previously used observing the mass, diameter and rotation of Mars from space to predict what its inner layers might look like. Simon Stähler was delighted that InSight’s results match previous predictions. ?We were able to confirm very rough estimates made from orbit. So now we know how much we can trust the estimates of the internal structure of Venus or Mercury,? he said.

InSight’s mission to the Red Planet is expected to last until the end of 2022, but scientific explorations of the lander won’t stop next year. InSight will travel to the moon as part of NASA’s Commercial Lunar Payload Services program in 2024, Stähler said.

Version originale : Aylin Woodward/Insider

Read also – NASA’s InSight lander reveals Mars would be much more fragile than we thought

) [summary] => For the first time, we know what the interior of another planet similar to ours... [atom_content] =>

For the first time, we know what the interior of another planet similar to ours looks like. In a trio of studies published Thursday, July 22 in the journal Science, an international team of more than 40 scientists revealed how the core, mantle and crust of Mars contrast with those of Earth.

By analyzing seismic data collected by NASA’s InSight lander on the Red Planet, the researchers estimated the size of Mars’ core, the thickness of its crust, and the composition of its mantle (the middle layer). “We only have this kind of information for the Earth and the moon,” Brigitte Knapmeyer-Endrun, a planetary seismologist at the University of Cologne and co-author of the new research, told Insider. “But the Moon, we can’t compare it very well to the Earth because it is much smaller.”

Read also – We know a little more about the presence of methane on Mars

Mars, however, is our smaller terrestrial twin. The new studies suggest that its core is less dense than that of Earth, but at the scale of its size.

Propagation of seismic waves through the heart of Mars

InSight, NASA’s robotic science station, which cost $ 828 million (about $ 704 million), landed on Mars in November 2018. Since then, the lander has used its seismometers – which detect and record earthquakes – to listen to similar earthquakes on Mars. Seismic waves from 12 of these Martian tremors, which traverse the middle of the planet and bounce off the layers within, helped Brigitte Knapmeyer-Endrun’s group map the boundaries of the crust and core.

?Imagine you have a closed box and you want to know what’s inside,? Brigitte Knapmeyer-Endrun imaged. “This method is like taking that box and putting it in an x-ray machine.”

The core of Mars is bigger than scientists thought

Artist’s impression of the Martian core. C. Bickel/Science

Its radius of around 1,839 km was “larger than expected,” Amir Khan, a seismologist at ETH Zurich in Switzerland and co-author of the study, told Insider. The boundary of Earth’s liquid outer core – which surrounds a solid metallic inner core – begins deeper than that of Mars, at about 2,900 km. That said, the Earth is almost twice as wide as Mars, and its core is about twice as wide as well.

Unlike the Earth’s core which is dominated by nickel and iron, the less dense core of Mars contains lighter elements like hydrogen and oxygen. The red planet appears to have no inner core, according to Simon Stähler, another study co-author and Khan’s colleague at ETH. “We don’t know, we’re going to find out,” Simon Stähler told Insider, adding that “the temperatures are probably too high for an inner core to form.”

A more engorged core also means that Mars’ mantle is relatively thinner compared to Earth. It is also devoid of a dense layer of the mineral called bridgmanite which keeps the earth’s mantle stable under high pressure, which could explain the unexpected size of the core. Mineralogically speaking, the mantle of Mars is a “simpler” version of that of Earth, “Amir Khan said.

Mars had, and lost, its protective magnetic field

Visualization of the Earth’s magnetic field. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

The Earth’s core plays a vital role in protecting the planet from dangerous winds and solar radiation. The liquid iron swirling in the outer core generates a magnetic field that extends from there to the space surrounding our planet.

This vortex is due, in part, to a process in which the warmer, lighter material of the outer core rises into the mantle above. There it is replaced by the cooler, denser mantle matter, which sinks into the lower core. This phenomenon is known as convection. Although Mars has a liquid core, it does not have this swirling motor, known as a dynamo.

Artist’s impression of the different layers of the earth. Getty

Fragments of magnetized Martian crust suggest that the planet once had a magnetic field 4 to 4.5 billion years ago. The absence of the bridgmanite layer in the mantle of Mars could explain why its dynamo stopped about 300,000 years after the formation of the planet. Without this layer, the interior of Mars lost its heat much faster, which paralyzed the convection that was occurring there. In addition, “Mars is smaller and therefore cools faster than Earth,” said Simon Stähler. “Different planet, different story”.

The crust of the red planet is as thick as that of Earth

This illustration shows the NASA InSight spacecraft with its instruments deployed on the Martian surface. NASA/JPL-Caltech

The crusts of the two planets are of similar thickness, according to Brigitte Knapmeyer-Endrun, although the crust of Mars has two or three layers. The average thickness of the Martian crust is between 22 and 71 km. The thickness of the Earth’s crust varies enormously – under oceans it can be as thin as 4.8 km – but under continents it is between 29 and 71 km thick.

But the crust of Mars is very old and static compared to that of Earth, she said. The envelope of our planet is fragmented into tectonic plates that surf the mantle. Through convection, these plates sometimes collide or sink into each other, meaning new pieces of crust are constantly emerging.

Mars lacks this plate tectonics, so no new crust has been generated since the planet’s crust formed around 4.5 billion years ago. The planet was once “probably completely molten” and this hot liquid mass then differentiated into a crust, mantle and core, Khan said.

The lack of plate tectonics is linked, in part, to the slowness of convection in the mantle, according to Simon Stähler. Lack of water also plays a role. ?Water lubricates the movement of the plates on Earth,? Stähler explained. “On Mars, the water was probably lost very early on, after the dynamo was gone and the atmosphere was blown away by the solar wind.”

The next target of InSight? The moon

The Moon under the magnifying glass of Mariner 10, in 1973. NASA/JPL/Northwestern University

Scientists had previously used observing the mass, diameter and rotation of Mars from space to predict what its inner layers might look like. Simon Stähler was delighted that InSight’s results match previous predictions. ?We were able to confirm very rough estimates made from orbit. So now we know how much we can trust the estimates of the internal structure of Venus or Mercury,? he said.

InSight’s mission to the Red Planet is expected to last until the end of 2022, but scientific explorations of the lander won’t stop next year. InSight will travel to the moon as part of NASA’s Commercial Lunar Payload Services program in 2024, Stähler said.

Version originale : Aylin Woodward/Insider

Read also – NASA’s InSight lander reveals Mars would be much more fragile than we thought

[date_timestamp] => 1627102934 ) [3] => Array ( [title] => If You Miss Anne With An E You Should Watch These 4 Series [link] => https://bbc-edition.com/entertainment/2021/07/24/if-you-miss-anne-with-an-e-you-should-watch-these-4-series/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Pauline Potteer ) [pubdate] => Sat, 24 Jul 2021 04:54:12 +0000 [category] => EntertainmentAnneserieswatch [guid] => https://bbc-edition.com/entertainment/2021/07/24/if-you-miss-anne-with-an-e-you-should-watch-these-4-series/ [description] => For a long time, Anne with an E was a great success in Netflix. The... [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

For a long time, Anne with an E was a great success in Netflix. The series, starring Amybeth McNulty follows the life of a young woman named Anne, who in 1896 is adopted by the Cuthbert brothers to help them with their Green Gables farm. Imaginative, bright, high-spirited and very talkative, the protagonist little by little won the hearts of the fans.

However, even though Anne with an E is a series that delves into child abandonment, psychological trauma, gender inequality, racism and more, it was canceled and did not renew seasons. So much so that there are only three editions available on the streaming giant, so from Spoiler we recommend four series so you don?t miss this story.

4 series to see if you miss Anne with an E:

1. Unorthodox:

It is one of the few series that discover a totally unknown world, at least in the middle of the world. Within the Jewish religion, in this case in the orthodox split, women must play a certain role entrusted by God until Esther arrives to disobey everything stipulated and revolutionize her family.

Available on Netflix.

Seasons: 1

Chapters: 4




2. Land Girls:

It is starred purely and exclusively by women. Set in World War II, an organization employs women while men are on the front lines. And, it will be the love and union of the four protagonists that unleashes the plot of this British series.

Available on Netflix.

Seasons: 3

Chapters: 15




3. Outlander:

It is one of the most important period series in recent years. Starring Caitriona Balfe and Sam Heughan, this fiction is set in 1743 when a woman named Claire Beachump is mysteriously transferred to another century where she meets her true love, Jamie Fraser. Although, to be together, they will have to overcome the lags of each era.

Available on Netflix.

Seasons: 5




4. Queen?s Gambit:

The 1960s were the ones chosen for this series that shows that women, despite being subjected to gender inequality, were on the same level as men. Beth, the protagonist, becomes a successful chess player and ends up being a prodigy woman in this sport that, at that time, was considered only for men.

Available on Netflix.

Seasons: 1




Shang-Chi and the Legend of the Ten Rings

Doctor Strange in the Multiverse of Madness

Black Panther: Wakanda Forever

Guardians of the Galaxy 3

) [summary] => For a long time, Anne with an E was a great success in Netflix. The... [atom_content] =>

For a long time, Anne with an E was a great success in Netflix. The series, starring Amybeth McNulty follows the life of a young woman named Anne, who in 1896 is adopted by the Cuthbert brothers to help them with their Green Gables farm. Imaginative, bright, high-spirited and very talkative, the protagonist little by little won the hearts of the fans.

However, even though Anne with an E is a series that delves into child abandonment, psychological trauma, gender inequality, racism and more, it was canceled and did not renew seasons. So much so that there are only three editions available on the streaming giant, so from Spoiler we recommend four series so you don?t miss this story.

4 series to see if you miss Anne with an E:

1. Unorthodox:

It is one of the few series that discover a totally unknown world, at least in the middle of the world. Within the Jewish religion, in this case in the orthodox split, women must play a certain role entrusted by God until Esther arrives to disobey everything stipulated and revolutionize her family.

Available on Netflix.

Seasons: 1

Chapters: 4




2. Land Girls:

It is starred purely and exclusively by women. Set in World War II, an organization employs women while men are on the front lines. And, it will be the love and union of the four protagonists that unleashes the plot of this British series.

Available on Netflix.

Seasons: 3

Chapters: 15




3. Outlander:

It is one of the most important period series in recent years. Starring Caitriona Balfe and Sam Heughan, this fiction is set in 1743 when a woman named Claire Beachump is mysteriously transferred to another century where she meets her true love, Jamie Fraser. Although, to be together, they will have to overcome the lags of each era.

Available on Netflix.

Seasons: 5




4. Queen?s Gambit:

The 1960s were the ones chosen for this series that shows that women, despite being subjected to gender inequality, were on the same level as men. Beth, the protagonist, becomes a successful chess player and ends up being a prodigy woman in this sport that, at that time, was considered only for men.

Available on Netflix.

Seasons: 1




Shang-Chi and the Legend of the Ten Rings

Doctor Strange in the Multiverse of Madness

Black Panther: Wakanda Forever

Guardians of the Galaxy 3

[date_timestamp] => 1627102452 ) [4] => Array ( [title] => Belarus shut down dozens of NGOs and associations [link] => https://bbc-edition.com/international/2021/07/24/belarus-shut-down-dozens-of-ngos-and-associations/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Harry Rivers ) [pubdate] => Sat, 24 Jul 2021 04:46:03 +0000 [category] => InternationalassociationsBelarusdozensNGOsshut [guid] => https://bbc-edition.com/international/2021/07/24/belarus-shut-down-dozens-of-ngos-and-associations/ [description] => Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko at a cabinet meeting in Minsk on Friday, July 23, 2021.... [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

This is a new episode in the elimination of all opposition by President Alexander Lukashenko. Dozens of Belarusian non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and associations, covering fields ranging from the defense of human rights to journalism, were being liquidated by the authorities on Friday 23 July.

According to the human rights organization Viasna, itself in the sights of the authorities, at least forty-seven NGOs are concerned, many of them having been the subject of searches in recent weeks. Among them are the Belarusian office of PEN, the association for the defense of writers; the Belarusian Journalists Association, which recently denounced arrests and searches of the press; or a well-known business school in Minsk.

Organizations for the defense of human rights, language teaching, assistance for the disabled or employment assistance for young people, and even charities are also being liquidated, according to the government’s legal portal, on which it is possible to consult the status of these organizations.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also In Belarus, chain trial of Lukashenko’s opponents

“Cleaning is in progress”

These measures follow criticism from President Alexander Lukashenko, who compared Thursday, during a government meeting, members of NGOs to « bandits » and “Foreign agents” who act “To the detriment of the State”. “Cleaning is in progress”, he said. During a meeting in Russia in early July with Vladimir Putin, Lukashenko had already called for “Bring to justice” the « sales ONG » cultivating ” terror “.

For months, the regime of Alexander Lukashenko has imprisoned opponents, journalists and activists in order to definitively put down the historic challenge born of his re-election, deemed fraudulent, to a fifth term in August 2020.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also Belarus: after political opponents, independent researchers targeted by the regime

In July, a series of searches and arrests targeted the independent and opposition press, while eleven students and a professor received heavy prison sentences for demonstrating against the government.

The protest movement of 2020, which for months brought together tens of thousands of demonstrators, had, for its part, been put down with massive arrests, torture and forced exile for its leaders.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also European Union agrees on heavy sanctions against Belarus

The World with AFP

) [summary] => Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko at a cabinet meeting in Minsk on Friday, July 23, 2021.... [atom_content] =>

This is a new episode in the elimination of all opposition by President Alexander Lukashenko. Dozens of Belarusian non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and associations, covering fields ranging from the defense of human rights to journalism, were being liquidated by the authorities on Friday 23 July.

According to the human rights organization Viasna, itself in the sights of the authorities, at least forty-seven NGOs are concerned, many of them having been the subject of searches in recent weeks. Among them are the Belarusian office of PEN, the association for the defense of writers; the Belarusian Journalists Association, which recently denounced arrests and searches of the press; or a well-known business school in Minsk.

Organizations for the defense of human rights, language teaching, assistance for the disabled or employment assistance for young people, and even charities are also being liquidated, according to the government’s legal portal, on which it is possible to consult the status of these organizations.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also In Belarus, chain trial of Lukashenko’s opponents

“Cleaning is in progress”

These measures follow criticism from President Alexander Lukashenko, who compared Thursday, during a government meeting, members of NGOs to « bandits » and “Foreign agents” who act “To the detriment of the State”. “Cleaning is in progress”, he said. During a meeting in Russia in early July with Vladimir Putin, Lukashenko had already called for “Bring to justice” the « sales ONG » cultivating ” terror “.

For months, the regime of Alexander Lukashenko has imprisoned opponents, journalists and activists in order to definitively put down the historic challenge born of his re-election, deemed fraudulent, to a fifth term in August 2020.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also Belarus: after political opponents, independent researchers targeted by the regime

In July, a series of searches and arrests targeted the independent and opposition press, while eleven students and a professor received heavy prison sentences for demonstrating against the government.

The protest movement of 2020, which for months brought together tens of thousands of demonstrators, had, for its part, been put down with massive arrests, torture and forced exile for its leaders.

Article reserved for our subscribers Read also European Union agrees on heavy sanctions against Belarus

The World with AFP

[date_timestamp] => 1627101963 ) [5] => Array ( [title] => The Recent Xiaomi Redmi Note 10S Is Already Cheaper On Amazon [link] => https://bbc-edition.com/entertainment/2021/07/24/the-recent-xiaomi-redmi-note-10s-is-already-cheaper-on-amazon/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Pauline Potteer ) [pubdate] => Sat, 24 Jul 2021 04:38:01 +0000 [category] => Entertainment10SAmazonCheapernoteRedmiXiaomi [guid] => https://bbc-edition.com/entertainment/2021/07/24/the-recent-xiaomi-redmi-note-10s-is-already-cheaper-on-amazon/ [description] => The Xiaomi Redmi Note 10S is an inexpensive smartphone, but it does not lag behind... [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

The Xiaomi Redmi Note 10S is an inexpensive smartphone, but it does not lag behind when it comes to cutting edge components to ensure decent performance. Launched a few days ago at a price of 199 euros, it is already becoming more affordable during the summer sales and goes at the price of 189 euros on Amazon.

The Chinese brand has seen the big picture for its Redmi Note 10 range by presenting no less than 4 models: the Redmi Note 10, the Redmi Note 10 Pro, the Redmi Note 10 5G and the Redmi Note 10S. The latter looks like the classic version of the smartphone, but promises a better photo experience as well as better performance, all at a price under 200 euros. During the sales period, he already enjoys a reduction of 10 euros.

The characteristics of the Xiaomi Redmi Note 10S

Instead of 199 euros, the Xiaomi Redmi Note 10S (6 + 64 GB) is today sold at 189.90 euros on Amazon.

A Redmi Note 10S similar to the classic version

9 /10

Xiaomi Redmi Note 10S

Representing the entry-level segment of the manufacturer, the Redmi Note 10S shares a good part of its technical sheet with the Redmi Note 10. Their common point: the design. We find a rather light smartphone (178.8 grams), with the same dimensions, the same front and back. On the screen side, it has the same 6.43-inch AMOLED panel displaying Full HD + definition. Some of you might regret the lack of a refresh rate higher than 60Hz, but the visual comfort is there. The screen offers good brightness, excellent contrasts and rather well calibrated colors.

An improved photo module

To continue in the comparison with the Redmi Note 10, this S version also offers a quadruple photo sensor located in the upper left corner on the back. This time, it is distinguished by its main photo sensor of 64 megapixels (instead of the 48 megapixels of the classic model). It is a much appreciated addition which will allow the smartphone to ensure a good quality of the shots when the light conditions are met. As for the other sensors, the ultra wide-angle, macro and depth cameras offer the same performance as on the classic version.

Surprising performances

Unlike the classic version, the Redmi Note 10S is equipped not with a Qualcomm chip, but with a MediaTek Helio G95 chip. In our test, he created a surprise by running Fortnite with high quality for graphics. A great achievement vis-à-vis the Redmi Note 10 which did not go beyond the ?low? level. This configuration therefore provides good fluidity on a daily basis, whether for multitasking or for running 3D applications and games. In addition, the MIUI 12 brand interface based on Android 11 offers a clearly pleasant and smooth experience.

As usual, Xiaomi puts the package on the autonomy side. The Redmi Note 10S Lite has a large 5,000 mAh battery. Despite a change of processor, the endurance of the device is not affected. The smartphone can be used for two days before requiring a full recharge and offers fast charging up to 33 W to quickly recover percentages: 50% in 30 minutes.

To find out even more, do not hesitate to read our review of the Xiaomi Redmi Note 10S.


If, subsequently, the offer mentioned in this article is no longer available, please take a look at the table below to find other offers concerning the Xiaomi Redmi Note 10S.

2021 summer sales: all you need to know

From June 30, 2021, Frandroid is covering sales to help you identify the best Tech deals for the event. Every Wednesday, each merchant will offer new offers for the various markdowns of the 2021 Sales until the end, i.e. July 27, 2021.

You will also find guides by merchant such as Amazon, Boulanger, Cdiscount or Fnac and Darty, but also selections by theme with in particular our selection of Smartphones, the best laptops or even TV destocking from the 2021 Summer Sales.

You can also follow the event on our social networks via our Twitter account @FrandroidPromos or our Frandroid Bons Plans Facebook page. Last option: our special 2021 Sales page.

) [summary] => The Xiaomi Redmi Note 10S is an inexpensive smartphone, but it does not lag behind... [atom_content] =>

The Xiaomi Redmi Note 10S is an inexpensive smartphone, but it does not lag behind when it comes to cutting edge components to ensure decent performance. Launched a few days ago at a price of 199 euros, it is already becoming more affordable during the summer sales and goes at the price of 189 euros on Amazon.

The Chinese brand has seen the big picture for its Redmi Note 10 range by presenting no less than 4 models: the Redmi Note 10, the Redmi Note 10 Pro, the Redmi Note 10 5G and the Redmi Note 10S. The latter looks like the classic version of the smartphone, but promises a better photo experience as well as better performance, all at a price under 200 euros. During the sales period, he already enjoys a reduction of 10 euros.

The characteristics of the Xiaomi Redmi Note 10S

Instead of 199 euros, the Xiaomi Redmi Note 10S (6 + 64 GB) is today sold at 189.90 euros on Amazon.

A Redmi Note 10S similar to the classic version

9 /10

Xiaomi Redmi Note 10S

Representing the entry-level segment of the manufacturer, the Redmi Note 10S shares a good part of its technical sheet with the Redmi Note 10. Their common point: the design. We find a rather light smartphone (178.8 grams), with the same dimensions, the same front and back. On the screen side, it has the same 6.43-inch AMOLED panel displaying Full HD + definition. Some of you might regret the lack of a refresh rate higher than 60Hz, but the visual comfort is there. The screen offers good brightness, excellent contrasts and rather well calibrated colors.

An improved photo module

To continue in the comparison with the Redmi Note 10, this S version also offers a quadruple photo sensor located in the upper left corner on the back. This time, it is distinguished by its main photo sensor of 64 megapixels (instead of the 48 megapixels of the classic model). It is a much appreciated addition which will allow the smartphone to ensure a good quality of the shots when the light conditions are met. As for the other sensors, the ultra wide-angle, macro and depth cameras offer the same performance as on the classic version.

Surprising performances

Unlike the classic version, the Redmi Note 10S is equipped not with a Qualcomm chip, but with a MediaTek Helio G95 chip. In our test, he created a surprise by running Fortnite with high quality for graphics. A great achievement vis-à-vis the Redmi Note 10 which did not go beyond the ?low? level. This configuration therefore provides good fluidity on a daily basis, whether for multitasking or for running 3D applications and games. In addition, the MIUI 12 brand interface based on Android 11 offers a clearly pleasant and smooth experience.

As usual, Xiaomi puts the package on the autonomy side. The Redmi Note 10S Lite has a large 5,000 mAh battery. Despite a change of processor, the endurance of the device is not affected. The smartphone can be used for two days before requiring a full recharge and offers fast charging up to 33 W to quickly recover percentages: 50% in 30 minutes.

To find out even more, do not hesitate to read our review of the Xiaomi Redmi Note 10S.


If, subsequently, the offer mentioned in this article is no longer available, please take a look at the table below to find other offers concerning the Xiaomi Redmi Note 10S.

2021 summer sales: all you need to know

From June 30, 2021, Frandroid is covering sales to help you identify the best Tech deals for the event. Every Wednesday, each merchant will offer new offers for the various markdowns of the 2021 Sales until the end, i.e. July 27, 2021.

You will also find guides by merchant such as Amazon, Boulanger, Cdiscount or Fnac and Darty, but also selections by theme with in particular our selection of Smartphones, the best laptops or even TV destocking from the 2021 Summer Sales.

You can also follow the event on our social networks via our Twitter account @FrandroidPromos or our Frandroid Bons Plans Facebook page. Last option: our special 2021 Sales page.

[date_timestamp] => 1627101481 ) [6] => Array ( [title] => The US Federal Aviation Administration changes the definition of ?astronaut? and Jeff Bezos does not meet the criteria [link] => https://bbc-edition.com/international/2021/07/24/the-us-federal-aviation-administration-changes-the-definition-of-astronaut-and-jeff-bezos-does-not-meet-the-criteria/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Harry Rivers ) [pubdate] => Sat, 24 Jul 2021 04:30:02 +0000 [category] => InternationaladministrationastronautAviationBezoscriteriadéfinitionfederalJeffmeet [guid] => https://bbc-edition.com/international/2021/07/24/the-us-federal-aviation-administration-changes-the-definition-of-astronaut-and-jeff-bezos-does-not-meet-the-criteria/ [description] => Published: 24 Jul 2021 02:18 GMT The billionaire boasted that those aboard the Blue Origin... [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Published:

24 Jul 2021 02:18 GMT

The billionaire boasted that those aboard the Blue Origin ship are astronauts without “an asterisk next to their name”, for reaching the height of 100 kilometers.

On the day of the flight into space of the New Shepard spacecraft of the Blue Origin company, owned by Jeff Bezos, the Federal Aviation Administration of the United States changed its definition of who can be considered astronauts, and according to the new interpretation, Bezos is not.

The billionaire did meet one of the requirements to earn that title by exceeding the limit of 80 kilometers high, or 50 miles, considered the beginning of outer space. In fact, it went further and crossed the Kármán line set at 100 kilometers, also agreed by many as the dividing line between atmosphere and space.

However, to enter the astronaut category, according to the government entity, he had to carry out activities during the flight that could be considered “essential for public safety or that they contributed to the safety of human space flights. “

Thus, under the new requirement for those who intend to display the insignia, Bezos would be left out of the category because he effectively did nothing about it during his first flight into space. His New Shepard ship was fully autonomous and operated from Earth, leaving the crew with no pending tasks on board.

In the midst of a strong rivalry with another billionaire, British Richard Branson who flew into space in the Virgin Galactic spacecraft nine days before him, Bezos stressed that those aboard the Blue Origin rocket are astronauts without “an asterisk next to them. in his name “, for reaching the height of 100 kilometers.

) [summary] => Published: 24 Jul 2021 02:18 GMT The billionaire boasted that those aboard the Blue Origin... [atom_content] =>

Published:

24 Jul 2021 02:18 GMT

The billionaire boasted that those aboard the Blue Origin ship are astronauts without “an asterisk next to their name”, for reaching the height of 100 kilometers.

On the day of the flight into space of the New Shepard spacecraft of the Blue Origin company, owned by Jeff Bezos, the Federal Aviation Administration of the United States changed its definition of who can be considered astronauts, and according to the new interpretation, Bezos is not.

The billionaire did meet one of the requirements to earn that title by exceeding the limit of 80 kilometers high, or 50 miles, considered the beginning of outer space. In fact, it went further and crossed the Kármán line set at 100 kilometers, also agreed by many as the dividing line between atmosphere and space.

However, to enter the astronaut category, according to the government entity, he had to carry out activities during the flight that could be considered “essential for public safety or that they contributed to the safety of human space flights. “

Thus, under the new requirement for those who intend to display the insignia, Bezos would be left out of the category because he effectively did nothing about it during his first flight into space. His New Shepard ship was fully autonomous and operated from Earth, leaving the crew with no pending tasks on board.

In the midst of a strong rivalry with another billionaire, British Richard Branson who flew into space in the Virgin Galactic spacecraft nine days before him, Bezos stressed that those aboard the Blue Origin rocket are astronauts without “an asterisk next to them. in his name “, for reaching the height of 100 kilometers.

[date_timestamp] => 1627101002 ) [7] => Array ( [title] => Schiaparelli Launches The Brooch That Lady Gaga Wore With Biden For Solidarity Purposes [link] => https://bbc-edition.com/entertainment/2021/07/24/schiaparelli-launches-the-brooch-that-lady-gaga-wore-with-biden-for-solidarity-purposes/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Pauline Potteer ) [pubdate] => Sat, 24 Jul 2021 04:22:04 +0000 [category] => EntertainmentBidenBroochGagaLadylaunchesPurposesSchiaparellisolidaritywore [guid] => https://bbc-edition.com/entertainment/2021/07/24/schiaparelli-launches-the-brooch-that-lady-gaga-wore-with-biden-for-solidarity-purposes/ [description] => SOLIDARITY FASHION Madrid, Jul 23 (EFE) .- The Italian firm Schiaparelli has decided to market... [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

SOLIDARITY FASHION

Madrid, Jul 23 (EFE) .- The Italian firm Schiaparelli has decided to market for solidarity purposes the brooch worn by the singer Lady Gaga during the inauguration of Joe Biden as US president, Schiaparelli Dove, a gold dove that called a lot attention.

Proceeds from the sale, reproductions in three different sizes of the iconic brooch worn by Lady Gaga on January 20, 2021, will be donated to Lady Gaga?s Born This Way Foundation, a charity she co-founded with her mother Cynthia Germanotta.

The foundation was born with the aim of supporting the mental health of young people and working with them to build a ?kinder and more courageous? world, as confirmed by the firm in a note.

On that occasion, Lady Gaga wore a Maison Schiaparelli design with which she interpreted the American national anthem, a Daniel Roseberry outfit consisting of a fitted navy blue cashmere jacket and a red silk skirt.

On her jacket, Lady Gaga wore a delicate gold Schiaparelli brooch in the shape of a dove bearing an olive branch, a symbol of peace and hope.

?My daughter and I, along with the young people we work with every day, believe that kindness is the way forward from the continuous and overlapping crises of the last year and a half,? said Cynthia Germanotta, Co-Founder and President of Born. This Way Foundation.

Germanotta is grateful that Schiaparelli Dove has become a ?symbol of hope and new beginnings, the benefits of which will go towards enhancing our work and our mission to build a kinder and more courageous world.?

He assures that with the support of Schiaparelli, they will continue with their aspiration to build a support that addresses the mental health of young people and ?connects them with the resources they need not only to survive, but to thrive.?

Daniel Roseberry, creative director of Schiaparelli, has pointed out that Lady Gaga and her foundation have inspired him for years.

?His performance at the inauguration and the symbolic Dove brooch is a milestone in the history of this House and in my life. It is a great pride to be able to contribute to the foundation and to the remarkable work it has done in the lives of young people around the world, leading them towards greater freedom, goodness and love ?.

?The Dove? has a long history at Schiaparelli. Influenced by the artists of the Dada and Cubist movements, Elsa Schiaparelli used the surrealism of the masters of her time in her designs.

She was the owner of Picasso?s ?Oiseaux en cage,? (Caged Birds), an oil on canvas painting from 1937, showing a dove and a crow in a cage. ?His friends saw in the dove and the black raven a symbol of his double personality,? concludes the note.

603294

) [summary] => SOLIDARITY FASHION Madrid, Jul 23 (EFE) .- The Italian firm Schiaparelli has decided to market... [atom_content] =>

SOLIDARITY FASHION

Madrid, Jul 23 (EFE) .- The Italian firm Schiaparelli has decided to market for solidarity purposes the brooch worn by the singer Lady Gaga during the inauguration of Joe Biden as US president, Schiaparelli Dove, a gold dove that called a lot attention.

Proceeds from the sale, reproductions in three different sizes of the iconic brooch worn by Lady Gaga on January 20, 2021, will be donated to Lady Gaga?s Born This Way Foundation, a charity she co-founded with her mother Cynthia Germanotta.

The foundation was born with the aim of supporting the mental health of young people and working with them to build a ?kinder and more courageous? world, as confirmed by the firm in a note.

On that occasion, Lady Gaga wore a Maison Schiaparelli design with which she interpreted the American national anthem, a Daniel Roseberry outfit consisting of a fitted navy blue cashmere jacket and a red silk skirt.

On her jacket, Lady Gaga wore a delicate gold Schiaparelli brooch in the shape of a dove bearing an olive branch, a symbol of peace and hope.

?My daughter and I, along with the young people we work with every day, believe that kindness is the way forward from the continuous and overlapping crises of the last year and a half,? said Cynthia Germanotta, Co-Founder and President of Born. This Way Foundation.

Germanotta is grateful that Schiaparelli Dove has become a ?symbol of hope and new beginnings, the benefits of which will go towards enhancing our work and our mission to build a kinder and more courageous world.?

He assures that with the support of Schiaparelli, they will continue with their aspiration to build a support that addresses the mental health of young people and ?connects them with the resources they need not only to survive, but to thrive.?

Daniel Roseberry, creative director of Schiaparelli, has pointed out that Lady Gaga and her foundation have inspired him for years.

?His performance at the inauguration and the symbolic Dove brooch is a milestone in the history of this House and in my life. It is a great pride to be able to contribute to the foundation and to the remarkable work it has done in the lives of young people around the world, leading them towards greater freedom, goodness and love ?.

?The Dove? has a long history at Schiaparelli. Influenced by the artists of the Dada and Cubist movements, Elsa Schiaparelli used the surrealism of the masters of her time in her designs.

She was the owner of Picasso?s ?Oiseaux en cage,? (Caged Birds), an oil on canvas painting from 1937, showing a dove and a crow in a cage. ?His friends saw in the dove and the black raven a symbol of his double personality,? concludes the note.

603294

[date_timestamp] => 1627100524 ) [8] => Array ( [title] => NASA Community Announcement Regarding Earth Venture Instrument 6 (EVI-6) Release Status [link] => https://bbc-edition.com/space/2021/07/24/nasa-community-announcement-regarding-earth-venture-instrument-6-evi-6-release-status/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Susan Hall ) [pubdate] => Sat, 24 Jul 2021 04:16:35 +0000 [category] => SpaceAnnouncementCommunityEarthEVI6InstrumentNASAReleasestatusVenture [guid] => https://bbc-edition.com/space/2021/07/24/nasa-community-announcement-regarding-earth-venture-instrument-6-evi-6-release-status/ [description] => NASA Community Announcement Regarding Earth Venture Instrument 6 (EVI-6) Release Status Status Report From: NASA... [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

NASA Community Announcement Regarding Earth Venture Instrument 6 (EVI-6) Release Status

Status Report
From: NASA Science Mission Directorate
Posted: Friday, July 23, 2021

Notice ID Number on beta.SAM.gov: NNH21ZDA017L

Estimated Release of Draft PEA………………………

September 2021 (target)

Estimated Release of Final PEA………………………

November 2021 (target)

Estimated Proposal Due Date …………………………

90 days after PEA release

This community announcement is an advance notice of NASA?s Science Mission Directorate (SMD) plan to release a Program Element Appendix (PEA) to solicit Earth Venture Instrument investigations implemented through the Earth Venture Instrument (EVI) element of the Earth System Science Pathfinder (ESSP) Program. This will be the sixth solicitation in the EVI series and will be soliciting Class D PI-led investigations as defined in Section 5.3.4 of the Stand Alone Missions of Opportunity Notice SALMON-3 Announcement of Opportunity (AO).

The PEA will call for proposals for complete PI-led science investigations based on one or more (a) space-based instruments or (b) CubeSats and which conduct innovative, integrated scientific question-driven investigations addressing pressing Earth system science issues.

The Cost Cap on the PI-Managed Mission Cost (PIMMC) for an EVI-6 investigation is $37M in Fiscal Year (FY) 2024 dollars with a possibility of an additional request of up to $5.3M for a Science Enhancement Option (SEO) as defined in Section 5.2.5 of the SALMON-3 AO. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) may participate in this solicitation in the form of an Operational Enhancement Opportunity (OEO) for the NASA selected instrument, if the selected instrument?s observables are consistent with the operational goals of NOAA. NASA also may explore the ability of flying the selected EVI-6 instrument on the Joint Polar Satellite System ? 4 (JPSS-4).  NASA expects to select one or more Class D Instrument and/or Class D CubeSat Investigations based on funding availability at the time of selection. NASA is committed to principles of open science for EVI-6 including, the full, free, and open sharing of data, algorithms, software, and documentation from project initiation.

Each selected Class D instrument or CubeSat investigation under this EVI-6 PEA is required to deliver an instrument(s) that can be integrated onto a NASA-determined platform and/or a CubeSat(s) that can be integrated to a NASA-determined launch vehicle within four years of project initiation. While proposers may offer their opinions about possible spacecraft and launch vehicles, they are not obliged to do so and, in all cases, NASA will make the final determination.

NASA has not approved the issuance of the PEA and this community announcement does not obligate NASA to issue the PEA and solicit proposals. Any costs incurred by prospective investigators in preparing submissions in response to this announcement or the planned PEA are incurred completely at the submitter’s own risk.

Questions or comments about this EVI-6 Community Announcement may be addressed to: Dr. Hank Margolis, NASA EVI-6 Program Scientist, hank.a.margolis@nasa.gov. The received questions and answers will be posted on the EVI-6 Acquisition Homepage (https://essp.larc.nasa.gov/EVI-6 ): anonymity of the authors of all questions will be preserved.

// end //

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) [summary] => NASA Community Announcement Regarding Earth Venture Instrument 6 (EVI-6) Release Status Status Report From: NASA... [atom_content] =>

NASA Community Announcement Regarding Earth Venture Instrument 6 (EVI-6) Release Status

Status Report
From: NASA Science Mission Directorate
Posted: Friday, July 23, 2021

Notice ID Number on beta.SAM.gov: NNH21ZDA017L

Estimated Release of Draft PEA………………………

September 2021 (target)

Estimated Release of Final PEA………………………

November 2021 (target)

Estimated Proposal Due Date …………………………

90 days after PEA release

This community announcement is an advance notice of NASA?s Science Mission Directorate (SMD) plan to release a Program Element Appendix (PEA) to solicit Earth Venture Instrument investigations implemented through the Earth Venture Instrument (EVI) element of the Earth System Science Pathfinder (ESSP) Program. This will be the sixth solicitation in the EVI series and will be soliciting Class D PI-led investigations as defined in Section 5.3.4 of the Stand Alone Missions of Opportunity Notice SALMON-3 Announcement of Opportunity (AO).

The PEA will call for proposals for complete PI-led science investigations based on one or more (a) space-based instruments or (b) CubeSats and which conduct innovative, integrated scientific question-driven investigations addressing pressing Earth system science issues.

The Cost Cap on the PI-Managed Mission Cost (PIMMC) for an EVI-6 investigation is $37M in Fiscal Year (FY) 2024 dollars with a possibility of an additional request of up to $5.3M for a Science Enhancement Option (SEO) as defined in Section 5.2.5 of the SALMON-3 AO. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) may participate in this solicitation in the form of an Operational Enhancement Opportunity (OEO) for the NASA selected instrument, if the selected instrument?s observables are consistent with the operational goals of NOAA. NASA also may explore the ability of flying the selected EVI-6 instrument on the Joint Polar Satellite System ? 4 (JPSS-4).  NASA expects to select one or more Class D Instrument and/or Class D CubeSat Investigations based on funding availability at the time of selection. NASA is committed to principles of open science for EVI-6 including, the full, free, and open sharing of data, algorithms, software, and documentation from project initiation.

Each selected Class D instrument or CubeSat investigation under this EVI-6 PEA is required to deliver an instrument(s) that can be integrated onto a NASA-determined platform and/or a CubeSat(s) that can be integrated to a NASA-determined launch vehicle within four years of project initiation. While proposers may offer their opinions about possible spacecraft and launch vehicles, they are not obliged to do so and, in all cases, NASA will make the final determination.

NASA has not approved the issuance of the PEA and this community announcement does not obligate NASA to issue the PEA and solicit proposals. Any costs incurred by prospective investigators in preparing submissions in response to this announcement or the planned PEA are incurred completely at the submitter’s own risk.

Questions or comments about this EVI-6 Community Announcement may be addressed to: Dr. Hank Margolis, NASA EVI-6 Program Scientist, hank.a.margolis@nasa.gov. The received questions and answers will be posted on the EVI-6 Acquisition Homepage (https://essp.larc.nasa.gov/EVI-6 ): anonymity of the authors of all questions will be preserved.

// end //

More status reports and news releases or top stories.

Please follow SpaceRef on Twitter and Like us on Facebook.

[date_timestamp] => 1627100195 ) [9] => Array ( [title] => Rio reduces deputies to 215 and decomposes five major circles [link] => https://bbc-edition.com/international/2021/07/24/rio-reduces-deputies-to-215-and-decomposes-five-major-circles/ [dc] => Array ( [creator] => Harry Rivers ) [pubdate] => Sat, 24 Jul 2021 04:14:29 +0000 [category] => InternationalCirclesdecomposesdeputiesJNMajorNationalnewspaperPSDreducesRíoRui Rio [guid] => https://bbc-edition.com/international/2021/07/24/rio-reduces-deputies-to-215-and-decomposes-five-major-circles/ [description] => Carla Soares Yesterday at 16:00 Rui Rio presented the reduction in the number of deputies... [content] => Array ( [encoded] =>

Rui Rio presented the reduction in the number of deputies from 230 to 215 within the scope of the reform of the electoral system, in a “moderate” proposal to reach an agreement, but admits that he would like it to be “more bold”, with fewer elected representatives: 211. Decomposes the five larger circles (Oporto in four and Lisbon in five) and creates a compensation circle. The leader criticized the government for not wanting to reform and said that “the PS system is getting rotten”. National territory circles increase from 20 to 30.

The PSD bill will enter the Assembly of the Republic after the autarchic ones, said the president of the party, admitting “small adjustments”. The PSD proposal breaks down the continent’s five largest circles. There are a total of 30 national territory constituencies that elect 176 deputies, a compensation constituency that elects 34 deputies and assigns one more mandate to the constituency in Europe. It thus reaches 215 deputies. There are two deputies outside the circle of Europe and three from Europe. It reduces the size of the circles that elect a minimum of three and a maximum of nine deputies.

Attributing the “moderate” proposal to the fact that the PS “is the most conservative party”, and it is not possible to carry out this reform without the socialists in an Assembly that is also “conservative”, he explained that the objective of the PSD was to have a Parliament whose composition is between “181 and 215” elected (instead of 180 to 230 as today). If there was an opening of the Assembly, “it was even preferable to reduce it to 211”, admitted Rio, considering that this number would be “accommodating”.

“The secretary general of the PS doesn’t want to change anything and if he wanted the party wouldn’t let him,” he accused Rui Rio, saying that this reform will only be done by “pressure from public opinion.” He guaranteed that the proportionality or representation of the parties was not in question, and said he wanted to “mitigate” the asymmetries between the coast and the interior, as well as bring the elected representatives to the electorate.

Decomposes five larger circles, PS and PSD lose more

“It is a balanced reform, open to a broad commitment”, argued the main Opposition party in Pedrógão Grande. David Justino, who coordinates the working group, even says that it is a “minimalist” reduction so that this reform of the electoral system is not carried out because of the decrease in the number of deputies. And he explains that the proposal only moves in the five largest circles: Braga, Porto, Aveiro, Lisbon, Setúbal. They are decomposed into more circles. “Nobody loses out in proportional terms”, he insisted, saying he was concerned about “not harming the small parties”, with the biggest cuts being in the two main parties: PS and PSD.

Harbor Circle divided into four

The circle in the district of Porto (which now elects 40) would be divided into four. The proposal foresees three circles with seven deputies each: Gaia-Gondomar; Douro Interior; Northwest Douro. And one with six elected: Porto-Matosinhos.

The Lisbon constituency, for example (which elects 48 elected), would be divided into five different constituencies: Lisbon (nine elected), Cascais-Oeiras (six), Amadora-Odivelas-Loures (eight), Sintra (6) and West (seven).

Quotient method and one bonus per circle

The PSD guarantees that “the reduction to 215 deputies, if accompanied by complementary changes, does not affect proportionality”. And the distribution of mandates “should be done using the quotient method and not the Hondt method, in order to ensure a more balanced distribution”.

Also according to the proposal, the attribution of a bonus of one mandate per circle favors circles with less representation and guarantees greater territorial balance.

The 30-circle scenario (by dividing the five largest) “enables better knowledge of the candidates, has reduced political costs and improves territorial justice”. By applying the quotient, a maximum of nine and a minimum of three mandates per circle in the national territory is fixed.

compensation circle

With regard to the National Compensation Circle, the proposal states that the combined effect of the reduction in the number of deputies and the decomposition of the larger circles requires a compensation circle that guarantees the proportionality and representation of small parties.

In the clearing circle, voters have a single ballot paper. The Hondt method is applied to the two autonomous regions and to the 18 districts, as it is currently done. The 176 mandates assigned by territorial and emigration circles are subtracted. And you get the 34 mandates distributed by different political forces, he explains.

The Social Democrats claim that with the 215 elected, the following is achieved: “more efficiency, guaranteeing the same proportionality; it reduces the risk of ties and ungovernability; it reduces territorial asymmetries with complementary measures; and presupposes the replacement of the Hondt method by the quotient in the distribution of mandates by circles”.

In comparison, he claims that the 230 model means “territorial asymmetry of constituencies; risk of fragmentation of the party offer; reduced identification of voters with candidates and elected representatives; and favors large constituencies and major political parties.”

Reduction by party

According to the table that supports the reduction to 215 deputies, the PS would change from 108 to 101 mandates (-7), the PSD from 79 to 74 (-5), the Left Bloc from 19 to 18 (minus one), the PCP from 12 to 11 (minus one), the CDS from five to four (minus one), and the other political forces would keep the same number: four for PAN and one for Chega, Liberal and Livre Initiative.

Reply to Santos Silva: “PS system getting rotten”

At the end of this week’s debate on the state of the nation, Santos Silva, Minister of State and Foreign Affairs, said he was against the constitutional and electoral system revision proposed by the PSD.

“It’s a bad and usual sign for the PS”, still without knowing the proposals, so that nothing can be done, Rui Rio reacted, saying that the PS “is a system that is getting rotten”.

The PSD leader had already expressed disbelief in the possibility of reaching any agreement with the PS on this and other matters: “this is hardly ever achieved with this PS”, which is “supported by the BE and the PCP”, but that remains for the PSD present the proposals and then the socialists “vote or they don’t vote, or they accept or they don’t”, he declared at the time.

In the PSD’s electoral program for the legislative ones, the party defends “the introduction of an urgent reform of the electoral law for the Assembly of the Republic”, which “enhances the approximation between elected and voters”, with “reduction in the number of deputies”, but without calling into question proportionality.

.

) [summary] => Carla Soares Yesterday at 16:00 Rui Rio presented the reduction in the number of deputies... [atom_content] =>

Rui Rio presented the reduction in the number of deputies from 230 to 215 within the scope of the reform of the electoral system, in a “moderate” proposal to reach an agreement, but admits that he would like it to be “more bold”, with fewer elected representatives: 211. Decomposes the five larger circles (Oporto in four and Lisbon in five) and creates a compensation circle. The leader criticized the government for not wanting to reform and said that “the PS system is getting rotten”. National territory circles increase from 20 to 30.

The PSD bill will enter the Assembly of the Republic after the autarchic ones, said the president of the party, admitting “small adjustments”. The PSD proposal breaks down the continent’s five largest circles. There are a total of 30 national territory constituencies that elect 176 deputies, a compensation constituency that elects 34 deputies and assigns one more mandate to the constituency in Europe. It thus reaches 215 deputies. There are two deputies outside the circle of Europe and three from Europe. It reduces the size of the circles that elect a minimum of three and a maximum of nine deputies.

Attributing the “moderate” proposal to the fact that the PS “is the most conservative party”, and it is not possible to carry out this reform without the socialists in an Assembly that is also “conservative”, he explained that the objective of the PSD was to have a Parliament whose composition is between “181 and 215” elected (instead of 180 to 230 as today). If there was an opening of the Assembly, “it was even preferable to reduce it to 211”, admitted Rio, considering that this number would be “accommodating”.

“The secretary general of the PS doesn’t want to change anything and if he wanted the party wouldn’t let him,” he accused Rui Rio, saying that this reform will only be done by “pressure from public opinion.” He guaranteed that the proportionality or representation of the parties was not in question, and said he wanted to “mitigate” the asymmetries between the coast and the interior, as well as bring the elected representatives to the electorate.

Decomposes five larger circles, PS and PSD lose more

“It is a balanced reform, open to a broad commitment”, argued the main Opposition party in Pedrógão Grande. David Justino, who coordinates the working group, even says that it is a “minimalist” reduction so that this reform of the electoral system is not carried out because of the decrease in the number of deputies. And he explains that the proposal only moves in the five largest circles: Braga, Porto, Aveiro, Lisbon, Setúbal. They are decomposed into more circles. “Nobody loses out in proportional terms”, he insisted, saying he was concerned about “not harming the small parties”, with the biggest cuts being in the two main parties: PS and PSD.

Harbor Circle divided into four

The circle in the district of Porto (which now elects 40) would be divided into four. The proposal foresees three circles with seven deputies each: Gaia-Gondomar; Douro Interior; Northwest Douro. And one with six elected: Porto-Matosinhos.

The Lisbon constituency, for example (which elects 48 elected), would be divided into five different constituencies: Lisbon (nine elected), Cascais-Oeiras (six), Amadora-Odivelas-Loures (eight), Sintra (6) and West (seven).

Quotient method and one bonus per circle

The PSD guarantees that “the reduction to 215 deputies, if accompanied by complementary changes, does not affect proportionality”. And the distribution of mandates “should be done using the quotient method and not the Hondt method, in order to ensure a more balanced distribution”.

Also according to the proposal, the attribution of a bonus of one mandate per circle favors circles with less representation and guarantees greater territorial balance.

The 30-circle scenario (by dividing the five largest) “enables better knowledge of the candidates, has reduced political costs and improves territorial justice”. By applying the quotient, a maximum of nine and a minimum of three mandates per circle in the national territory is fixed.

compensation circle

With regard to the National Compensation Circle, the proposal states that the combined effect of the reduction in the number of deputies and the decomposition of the larger circles requires a compensation circle that guarantees the proportionality and representation of small parties.

In the clearing circle, voters have a single ballot paper. The Hondt method is applied to the two autonomous regions and to the 18 districts, as it is currently done. The 176 mandates assigned by territorial and emigration circles are subtracted. And you get the 34 mandates distributed by different political forces, he explains.

The Social Democrats claim that with the 215 elected, the following is achieved: “more efficiency, guaranteeing the same proportionality; it reduces the risk of ties and ungovernability; it reduces territorial asymmetries with complementary measures; and presupposes the replacement of the Hondt method by the quotient in the distribution of mandates by circles”.

In comparison, he claims that the 230 model means “territorial asymmetry of constituencies; risk of fragmentation of the party offer; reduced identification of voters with candidates and elected representatives; and favors large constituencies and major political parties.”

Reduction by party

According to the table that supports the reduction to 215 deputies, the PS would change from 108 to 101 mandates (-7), the PSD from 79 to 74 (-5), the Left Bloc from 19 to 18 (minus one), the PCP from 12 to 11 (minus one), the CDS from five to four (minus one), and the other political forces would keep the same number: four for PAN and one for Chega, Liberal and Livre Initiative.

Reply to Santos Silva: “PS system getting rotten”

At the end of this week’s debate on the state of the nation, Santos Silva, Minister of State and Foreign Affairs, said he was against the constitutional and electoral system revision proposed by the PSD.

“It’s a bad and usual sign for the PS”, still without knowing the proposals, so that nothing can be done, Rui Rio reacted, saying that the PS “is a system that is getting rotten”.

The PSD leader had already expressed disbelief in the possibility of reaching any agreement with the PS on this and other matters: “this is hardly ever achieved with this PS”, which is “supported by the BE and the PCP”, but that remains for the PSD present the proposals and then the socialists “vote or they don’t vote, or they accept or they don’t”, he declared at the time.

In the PSD’s electoral program for the legislative ones, the party defends “the introduction of an urgent reform of the electoral law for the Assembly of the Republic”, which “enhances the approximation between elected and voters”, with “reduction in the number of deputies”, but without calling into question proportionality.

.

[date_timestamp] => 1627100069 ) ) [channel] => Array ( [title] => BBC-Edition [link] => https://bbc-edition.com [lastbuilddate] => Sat, 24 Jul 2021 05:04:24 +0000 [language] => en-US [sy] => Array ( [updateperiod] => hourly [updatefrequency] => 1 ) [generator] => https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 [tagline] => ) [textinput] => Array ( ) [image] => Array ( ) [feed_type] => RSS [feed_version] => 2.0 [encoding] => ISO-8859-1 [_source_encoding] => [ERROR] => [WARNING] => [_CONTENT_CONSTRUCTS] => Array ( [0] => content [1] => summary [2] => info [3] => title [4] => tagline [5] => copyright ) [_KNOWN_ENCODINGS] => Array ( [0] => UTF-8 [1] => US-ASCII [2] => ISO-8859-1 ) [stack] => Array ( ) [inchannel] => [initem] => [incontent] => [intextinput] => [inimage] => [current_namespace] => [last_modified] => Sat, 24 Jul 2021 05:04:24 GMT [etag] => "f9a2b0ee954fee4cedb2b001dbcc9b86" )